A BGP route that is not being installed into the RIB is also known as an inactive route.
Note: Routing Information Base (RIB) is simply another name for the IP routing table.
The show ip bgp rib-failure EXEC command displays the BGP routes that failed to be installed into the RIB, but are installed into the BGP table as RIB-failure routes.
Note: The network topology that is used for this article is Page 223 - Advanced BGP Network.
RT2#sh ip bgp BGP table version is 9, local router ID is 22.214.171.124 Status codes: s suppressed, d damped, h history, * valid, > best, i - internal, r RIB-failure, S Stale Origin codes: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete Network Next Hop Metric LocPrf Weight Path *> 192.168.1.0 126.96.36.199 0 0 65001 i *> 192.168.2.0 0.0.0.0 0 32768 i r>i192.168.3.0 188.8.131.52 0 100 0 i r>i192.168.4.0 184.108.40.206 0 100 0 i RT2# RT2#sh ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0 longer-prefixes Gateway of last resort is not set B 192.168.1.0/24 [20/0] via 220.127.116.11, 00:00:55 C 192.168.2.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0/0 O 192.168.3.0/24 [110/20] via 18.104.22.168, 00:01:05, Ethernet0/2 O 192.168.4.0/24 [110/20] via 22.214.171.124, 00:01:05, Ethernet0/3 RT2# RT2#sh ip bgp rib-failure Network Next Hop RIB-failure RIB-NH Matches 192.168.3.0 126.96.36.199 Higher admin distance n/a 192.168.4.0 188.8.131.52 Higher admin distance n/a RT2#
MISC notes for the output of the show ip bgp rib-failure EXEC command:
An entry of 0.0.0.0 of the Next Hop column indicates that the router has some non-BGP routes to the particular network.
The RIB-NH Matches column indicates whether the next hops of the BGP and IP routes are the same. It is valid (Yes / No) only when the Higher admin distance reason appears in the RIB-failure column and the bgp suppress-inactive BGP router subcommand is configured for the address family that is being used.
|Yes||The next hop of the route in the RIB is same as the next hop of the BGP route or recurses down to the same adjacency as the next hop of the BGP route.|
|No||The next hop of the route in the RIB recurses down differently from the next hop of the BGP route. BGP route that has a different next hop than the next hop of the IP route will not be advertised to other BGP neighbors (both IBGP and EBGP) – it is being suppressed.|
|n/a||bgp suppress-inactive is not configured for the address family that is being used.|